Each company/factory/business must keep a balanced carbon credit. If one iron and steel smelting factory produces a lot of carbon during one year, it can be compensated by buying carbon credits from those businesses that excel in reducing carbon content in the air. There are many companies that sell carbon credits to commercial and individual customers who are interested in reducing their carbon footprint, and therefore these companies earn a handsome profit.
This mechanism of carbon credits was first brought out in the Kyoto Protocol, an international agreement to lower global warming, and has been signed by more than 170 countries. In fact, just recently did Al Gore win the Nobel Peace Prize alongwith IPCC chairman Rajendra Pachauri for great work on global warming.
Carbon credits have helped bring air pollution down. These credits assign a special monetary value ( i guess 40 euros per metric tonne of carbon released) to the cost of polluting air. If a factory is allowed to release only 50,000 metric tonnes of carbon every year, it has two options. Either it limits the emissions to 50,000 metric tonnes or buys carbon credits for its carbon emissions.
Carbon Credits have arisen as a direct competitor to carbon taxes. The former have many advantages:
- Businesses can understand them better and can manage their activies.
- Opens up a market for carbon emissions reduction.
- Shifts the concerns over global warming.
- Analysts and economists can predict future prices and analyse the trends of it too- thus making it an alternative asset class to gold, silver and stocks.
- Earlier taxes were given to the government. Now credits are given to green companies that strive to reduce carbon content in the air. Its more like an added incentive for them.
In fact, this practice has already motivated Carbon Capital Corp Sdn Bhd to launch RM150 million worth of biogas and biomass projects in Sarawak next month as part of its long-term strategy for growth. Source
The Tokyo Stock Exchange has started a Study Group to better understand the carbon market. The group’s aim is to ” to gather practical advice from experts and other concerned parties on the creation of a carbon market.” Source
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