Knowledge of Information Security is important for you to maintain the security of your information and protect your company from hackers. This includes everything from endpoint security to management controls. Knowledge of information security terminology is essential for anyone who works in the security field. Learning and understanding the different terms used can make you more effective and help you avoid mistakes. You’ll also find that learning various terms will allow you to speak more confidently.
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Getting a head start
For any industry or company, securing your information is a critical part of your overall security strategy. This includes the use of software and hardware to protect your data. But before you go diving into the world of cybersecurity, it helps to have a solid understanding of some of the terminology. Below is a list of some of the most common cybersecurity terms. Whether new to the industry or a veteran, ensuring you know what to look for will help you better protect your business.
Cybersecurity is the security of computer systems and networks. It covers everything from passwords and firewalls to malware and spyware. Malware is malicious software that allows unauthorized access to a computer system. The term comes from a Latin root meaning “malicious,” and it enables hackers to break into a system.
Hackers will attempt to exploit any gaps in a system, or even a software flaw, to gain unauthorized access to a network. They usually try to steal data but seek to use it for nefarious purposes. Some hackers are known as black hats. Other hackers are identified as white hats. A white hat will try to secure a system, while a black hat will seek to bypass security. White hats are also known as ethical hackers.
There are three types of cyber threats: botnets, viruses, and Trojan Horse. Botnets are computers infected with malicious software. Worms are a type of malicious software that can infect other computers. Worms are also known for their self-replication ability.
An effective endpoint security system is critical to protect your business. It safeguards your endpoints from cyber threats such as viruses, spyware, ransomware, and other digital threats. Using a robust security solution can protect your organization against costly breaches.
Your company can be vulnerable to cyberattacks in today’s complex networks, exposing your customers and clients to fraudulent activities. A successful attack can result in significant legal damage and reputational loss.
Your employees should be educated about cybersecurity. They should understand the latest threats and best practices. Ensure that your employees are required to use strong, unique passwords. This is especially important for those who work remotely.
You can also use a centralized password manager to protect your network. This will prevent brute force attacks and keep your data safe.
Database and infrastructure security
Database and infrastructure security are increasingly important. More companies are collecting and saving data than ever before. However, hackers are seeking new ways to attack. Keeping up with the latest updates to database software is crucial to ensuring a safe system.
Protecting databases from cyberattacks is essential to the health of your business. Keeping your information secure will protect your customer base and reputation.
Encryption is one of the best ways to ensure your data is protected. Encrypting data at rest is also a good idea.
Another effective database security practice is regular backups. Not only does this help keep your data safe, but it also protects against various failures.
Management controls are a part of a risk management program. They help to reduce cyber risks, which can result in the loss of financial and customer resources. Implementing the right information security controls is essential to avoid these threats.
An effective management control program will include a combination of operational, technical, and administrative controls. Each type of control will have a specific purpose.
Technical or logical controls limit access on a hardware or software basis. Examples include firewalls, antivirus software, and multi-factor user authentication. The primary objective of these controls is to prevent unauthorized access to data and minimize the risk of a data breach.
These controls are typically implemented through an effective information security policy. This policy should outline the organization’s commitment to protecting information assets and enforcing security measures.
Cyber attacks and digital spying are the top threat to national security
A recent Technology and International Affairs Program report at Carnegie Mellon University provided a glimpse into the threat landscape. It shows the evolution of threats while providing insight into key trends.
The most significant threat is posed by state-sponsored cyber programs. These include foreign intelligence operations, covert equipment acquisition, and commercial espionage. This type of cyber activity impacts Canadians.
Commercial espionage is the theft of intellectual property from businesses and organizations. Cybercriminals can exploit sensitive data to access financial accounts, often the source of the most high-profile cyber breaches.
Similarly, state-sponsored actors can also target Canadian organizations for espionage. For example, the hacking of the Warsaw Stock Exchange’s internal networks in October 2014 involved a group affiliated with the so-called Islamic State.
Lack of clear articulation of security policy for the Swedish Protective Security Act
While it’s not a first-prize winner, the Swedish armed forces have been a thorn in Finland’s side for much of the last half-century. A military-industrial complex is brewing with the likes of the forces mentioned above in tow. Not to mention the unfettered free enterprise and a smattering of options granolas amongst the fortresses of ailment, it is no surprise that Sweden’s top brass have had their fill of the good stuff. On the flip side of that coveted penned, one has to wonder if Sweden has managed to get the sexiest out of the killers in the last decade or so. So what’s in store for the nation’s newest and (or ole) gen fey?